Certain Diet and Lifestyle May Contribute to Islet β-cells Protection in Type-2 Diabetes via the Modulation of Cellular PI3K/AKT Pathway
Yasuko Kitagishi*, #, Atsuko Nakanishi*, #, Akari Minami*, #, Yurina Asai, Mai Yasui, Akiko Iwaizako, Miho Suzuki, Yuna Ono, Yasunori Ogura , Satoru Matsuda*, #
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2014
First Page: 74
Last Page: 82
Publisher Id: TOBIOCJ-8-74
Article History:Received Date: 25/6/2014
Revision Received Date: 13/8/2014
Acceptance Date: 18/8/2014
Electronic publication date: 1 /11/2014
Collection year: 2014
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
PI3K/AKT pathway has been shown to play a pivotal role on islet β-cell protection, enhancing β-cell survival by stimulating cell proliferation and inhibiting cell apoptosis. Accordingly, this pathway appears to be crucial in type-2 diabetes. Understanding the regulations of this pathway may provide a better efficacy of new therapeutic approaches. In this review, we summarize advances on the involvement of the PI3K/AKT pathway in hypothetical intra-cellular signaling of islet β-cells. As recent findings may show the nutritional regulation of the survival pathway in the islet β-cells through activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway, we also review studies on the features of several diets, correlated lifestyle, and its signaling pathway involved in type-2 diabetes. The molecular mechanisms contributing to the disease are the subject of considerable investigation, as a better understanding of the pathogenesis will lead to novel therapies against a condition of the disease.