Histidine 117 in the His-Gly-Ser-Asp motif is Required for the Biochemical Activities of Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase of Mycobacterium smegmatis



Muthu Arumugam, Parthasarathi Ajitkumar*
Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012, India


Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
0
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 704
Abstract HTML Views: 373
PDF Downloads: 150
Total Views/Downloads: 1227
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 419
Abstract HTML Views: 208
PDF Downloads: 105
Total Views/Downloads: 732



© Arumugam and Ajitkumar; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012, India;Tel: 91-80-22932344; Fax: 91-80-23602697;E-mail: ajit@mcbl.iisc.ernet.in


Abstract

Nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDK), which is widely conserved in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, maintains a balanced pool of nucleotide triphosphates and their deoxy derivatives. NDKs from bacterial and other systems contain the conserved HGSD motif, where the His residue is required for the biochemical activities, namely the NTPase (AT-Pase and GTPase), NTP synthesising, and autophosphorylation activities of the enzyme. Amino acid sequence homology comparison of the NDK of Mycobacterium smegmatis (MsmNDK) with the NDKs of other bacterial genera showed the presence of H117GSD motif. While the recombinant wild type MsmNDK showed the NTPase, NTP synthesising, and autophosphorylation activities, the H117Q mutation abolished the biochemical activities of the recombinant MsmNDK-H117Q mutant protein in vitro. These observations demonstrate that the H117 residue in the HGSD motif is required for the biochemical activities of MsmNDK.

Keywords: Nucleoside diphosphate kinase, M. smegmatis, Autophosphorylation, ATPase, GTPase, NTP synthesising activity.