The Effect of Specific High-intensity Exercises on Cardiovascular Balance, Vascularity, and Performance in Female Youth Basketball Players

Fatma Hassan Abd Elbasset Mourgan1, 2, *, Manaf AlMatar1, Ali Al-Shamli1, Mahfoodha Al-Kitani3, Ali Al-Yaaribi3, Osman Albarri4
1 Faculty of Education and Art, Sohar University, Sohar 311, Sultanate of Oman
2 Physical Education College, Helwan University, Helwan, Egypt
3 College of Education, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat 112, Sultanate of Oman
4 Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences (Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü) Çukurova University, Adana, Turkey

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© 2024 The Author(s). Published by Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Faculty of Education and Art, Sohar University, Sohar 311, Sultanate of Oman and Physical Education College, Helwan University, Helwan, Egypt; Tel: +96893875088; E-mail:



Sports training causes physiological changes in almost every body system; the more successfully these changes accomplish the functional adaptation required to execute the physical load effectively while conserving energy, the greater performance improvement may be anticipated. For training programs to be effective and boost performance in any sport, they must consider the nature and kind of the sport as well as a study of the performance conditions.


This research investigated how a 5-week, specially designed high-intensity interval training (HIIT) programme affected the aerobic ability of adolescent female basketball players. It also investigated how physical characteristics, skill qualities, heart impulse, oxygen distribution rates, and energy expenditure indices relate to one another. Lastly, research was conducted on the significance of urea-ketone energy consumption.


A basketball-specific high-intensity training program lasting twelve sessions most likely reduced the time for the 20-meter speed test (Pre: 3.22 ± 1.72, Post: 3.02 ± 1.75 Sec) and improved the standing long jump test (Pre: 1.55 ± 0.49, Post: 1.65 ± 0.35 cm) and vertical jump test (Pre: 27.83 ± 6.40, Post: 31.42 ± 7.23 cm).


Oxygen uptake (VO2), VO2/Kg, carbon dioxide generation (VCO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) were all positively impacted by the training sessions. After 12 sessions, young female basketball players' aerobic performance is improved with HIIT tailored specifically for basketball.

Keywords: Aerobic fitness, Basketball, Consumed oxygen, Team sport, Fibroblast growth factor (FGF), Respiratory exchange ratio (RER), Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).