The Effect of Specific High-intensity Exercises on Cardiovascular Balance, Vascularity, and Performance in Female Youth Basketball Players

The Open Biochemistry Journal 04 Mar 2024 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/011874091X281813240222053634



Sports training causes physiological changes in almost every body system; the more successfully these changes accomplish the functional adaptation required to execute the physical load effectively while conserving energy, the greater performance improvement may be anticipated. For training programs to be effective and boost performance in any sport, they must consider the nature and kind of the sport as well as a study of the performance conditions.


This research investigated how a 5-week, specially designed high-intensity interval training (HIIT) programme affected the aerobic ability of adolescent female basketball players. It also investigated how physical characteristics, skill qualities, heart impulse, oxygen distribution rates, and energy expenditure indices relate to one another. Lastly, research was conducted on the significance of urea-ketone energy consumption.


A basketball-specific high-intensity training program lasting twelve sessions most likely reduced the time for the 20-meter speed test (Pre: 3.22 ± 1.72, Post: 3.02 ± 1.75 Sec) and improved the standing long jump test (Pre: 1.55 ± 0.49, Post: 1.65 ± 0.35 cm) and vertical jump test (Pre: 27.83 ± 6.40, Post: 31.42 ± 7.23 cm).


Oxygen uptake (VO2), VO2/Kg, carbon dioxide generation (VCO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) were all positively impacted by the training sessions. After 12 sessions, young female basketball players' aerobic performance is improved with HIIT tailored specifically for basketball.

Keywords: Aerobic fitness, Basketball, Consumed oxygen, Team sport, Fibroblast growth factor (FGF), Respiratory exchange ratio (RER), Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).
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